Moringa Vip – MPS | Mahan Pishro Saman

In the name of God, the Most Compassionate, the Most Merciful

The Project of Ten Million Moringa Trees

Moringa Vip

– One Moringa tree is enough to feed a child for 1 year and cover all the essential nutrients.

Moringa

Moringa’s popularity is expanding all over the world and is declared as the “World’s most useful tree,” by Science Daily (Mar. 14, 2010).

Approximately 3.1 million children die from undernutrition each year (UNICEF, 2018a). Hunger and undernutrition contribute to more than half of global child deaths, as undernutrition can make children more vulnerable to illness and exacerbate disease (UNICEF, 2018a).

In 2012, an estimated 8.2 million people died from cancer worldwide. According to the food organizations of the USA, 870 million people in the world are not able to eat enough food to survive and more than 2 billion people suffer from micronutrient deficiencies.

10 Million Moringa Tree - Moringa VIP

Executive Summary

Introduction (Reason to select this Project):

The Moringa tree is one of the most incredible plants ever encountered.

This may sound sensationalist, but Moringa’s nutritional and medicinal properties have the potential to end malnutrition, starvation, as well as prevent and heal many diseases and maladies worldwide. Moringa is truly a miracle plant, and a divine gift for the nourishing and healing of man.

Moringa is the sole genus in the flowering plant family Moringaceae​.There are 13 species which the most famous are the following two: Moringa Oleifera & Moringa Peregrina​ .

” Moringa Oleifera is found in many tropical and sub-tropical regions. Moringa can be grown in even the harshest and driest of soils, where barely anything else will grow. In fact, one of the nicknames of Moringa is “never die” due to its incredible ability to survive harsh weather and even drought.

The most incredible thing about Moringa is the amount of nutritional and medicinal chemicals and compounds found in this plant. The chart below will give a quick view of some of the notable nutrients contained in this plant.

Why do they call Moringa Tree the Miracle Tree?

There should be a specific reason that they call it the Miracle Tree. More than 700 scientific studies have proved that all parts of the Moringa plant have medicinal effects and till today no plant on earth could compete with its nutritional value.

– with over 90 Nutrients and 46 Antioxidants is one of the Richest known natural source on earth.

– 100 g Moringa Dried leaf contains 25 times more Iron than Spinach (28 mg), 17 times more Calcium than Milk (2000 mg) ,15 times more Potassium than Bananas (1300 mg), 10 times more vitamin A than Carrots , 9 times more protein than Yoghurt  (over 27 g of protein), 36 times the amount of magnesium in eggs, 50 times the amount of vitamin B3 in peanuts, and 50 times the vitamin B2 in bananas and its fresh leaf contains 7 times more vitamin C in Orange. 

Properties of Moringa oleifera

Moringa Peregrina

10 Million Moringa Tree Fatima Zahraa Helping Hand

Moringa Oleifera

-PLANTING METHODS:

Time: If your land has water and the temperature is above 15 celsius, you can start the plantation. (under -0- degree the plant goes to sleep)

• Direct sowing • Sowing and transplanting of young seedlings • Stem cuttings

 Sowing : 2 or 3 seeds per planting station at 2 cm depth Spacing : 50 cm to 1 m for only leaf production and 3 to 5 m for seed, leaf and pod production.

 Moringa develops more easily and grows stronger with direct sowing. Make sure that the young seedlings can be easily noticed and well protected from animals, children and other dangers.

 Compared to trees planted from seed, trees from stem cuttings grow faster but develop a shallow root system that makes them more susceptible to moisture stress and wind damage. Make stem cuttings using branches of a tree that is at least one year old. Use hard wood and avoid using young green stem tissue. Cuttings can be 45–150 cm long. Cuttings can be dried in the shade for three days before planting in the nursery or in the field. Plant one-third of the length in the soil (i.e., if the cutting is 90 cm long, plant it 30 cm deep). Add compost to infertile soils to encourage root development. Irrigate regularly to keep the soil moist but not wet. Irrigate newly transplanted trees immediately after transplanting to promote early root development. In dry and arid climates, irrigate regularly for the first two months. Once established, Moringa rarely need watering. Remark: Moringa is susceptible to water logging and needs well drained soil.

  To increase chances of success, farmers are advised to start planting at least more than 10 seedlings in a sandy-loamy soil.

 Irrigation:

 -Once before plantation, then 3 days after plantation, then for 2 months every 15 days then whenever the soil is thirsty.

 – PRUNING Moringa should be trimmed to promote branching, increase yields, and facilitate harvesting. If left to grow without cutting the main trunk, the fast-growing tree will grow straight and tall producing leaves and pods only on the primary stem. To encourage the development of many branches and pods within easy reach from the ground, prune the apical growing shoot (10 cm from the top), when the tree is 0,6 to 1 m high (Fig.1), usually 3 to 5 month after planting. Use a sharp cutting knife, panga knife, or pruning saw to make smooth cuts. New shoots will emerge from just below where the cut is made. Few months after and regularly, cut the growing tips of the branches so that the tree will become bushier (cut at 10 cm each time they reach 20 cm, Fig.2). It will produce a shrub with leaves easy to collect (Fig.3). Another pruning strategy is to cut back each branch by 30 cm when it reaches 60 cm in length. This will produce a multi-branched shrub. Older trees that are unproductive or too high for easy harvesting can be pruned at ground level. Farmers should do at least 2 pruning per year, and harvesting can be the occasion to prune.

 -HARVESTING Leaves can be harvested starting from 6 to 12 months after planting, depending on the growth of the tree, the kind of pruning and the watering (well pruned and watered trees can be harvested earlier). Harvest leaves by snapping leaf stems from branches. Harvesting young shoot tips will promote development of side branches where cuts along the main branches are made. Allow plants to develop new shoots and branches before subsequent harvests. Leaves harvested in the middle branches are less bitter and softer than the ones at extremity. If plants are grown at closer spacing and higher density, cut plants about 10–20 cm above ground. Older leaves will need to be stripped from their tough and wiry stems. These leaves are more suited to making dried leaf powder, since stems can be removed during the sifting process. For fresh vegetables, tie harvested leaves in bundles and place them under shade to maintain freshness. The leaflets can also be dried for a few hours and then stored for consumption during the hot-wet season, a time when minerals and vitamins are most lacking in diets. Flowers and pods are normally produced during the second year of growth. Harvest pods when they are young, tender, and green. They are eaten as green beans. Fresh or dried flowers are used for making teas.

 – DRYING MORINGA LEAVES Moringa leaves should be dried in an area protected from light to prevent the loss of vitamins and protected from dust and pests to prevent contamination. If necessary, Moringa leaves can be covered by thin cloth or mosquito netting to help keep them clean while drying. The drying process should be completed as quickly as possible to prevent the growth of moulds; if leaves mould or mildew they should be thrown out or used for compost. If the humidity of the air is high, the Moringa leaves Pratiques Network Sharing experiences to enhance the quality and impact of development programmes http://www.interaide.org/pratiques should be spread out in a thin layer and mixed frequently. Farmers can hang Moringa leaf bunches from roof or porch with string.

 – STORING MORINGA LEAF POWDER Moringa Leaf Powder should be stored in air-tight containers protected from heat, humidity and light. If the Moringa leaves powder is not adequately dried or stored it could encourage the growth of molds or mildews which could cause problems ranging from unpleasant to harmful. If stored Moringa powder is exposed to heat or light it will degrade and the nutrient content will be reduced. Moringa Leaf Powder can be stored for up to 6 months under the following conditions: clean, dried powder stored in air-tight containers, protected from light and humidity, and kept below 24°C.

– COOKING MORINGA LEAVES A) Fresh Moringa Leaves (Moringa Relish) The fresh leaves can be added to any type of relish or soup. The less they are cooked, the better the nutrients will be preserved. Ingredients : Moringa leaves, soda, salt, water, tomatoes, groundnut flour Boil water and add soda and salt for up to a minute, then add Moringa leaves (without branches). Tomato should be added when all the leaves sink in the soda solution. Let it boil to soften the tomatoes, then add groundnut flour and reduce the heat (make it simmered) until the flour is cooked then you can serve it (as okra relish). B) Moringa leaves powder Moringa Leaves powder can be added to any food or beverage (tea, porridge, …). The nutrient content of Moringa leaf powder has the greatest impact on those who are more vulnerable: malnourished children, pregnant or lactating women, children at weaning age, HIV/AIDS patients, and the elderly. Malnourished children ages 1-3 years should consume three rounded tablespoons (25g) of Moringa Leaves Powder each day.

 lactating women should consume six rounded tablespoons (50g) of Moringa Leaves Powder each day. Porridge: Depending on the child status, apply 1 to 3 rounded tablespoons to porridge when it is ready to eat and still hot.

Tea: Add one teaspoon in a cup of tea already ready to drink. As spice or in relish: Apply the Moringa powder when the relish is about to be served and still hot, in order to keep the maximum amount of nutrients.

 Zitheba (Moringa vegetables) Boil fresh green seeds (with covers). While they are cut into pieces add salt, tomato, and oil. You can also mix with other relish like meat. Important remark: when using Moringa for malnourished children or pregnant women, add Moringa leaves only at the end of cooking in order to preserve all nutrients !

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